Background. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Indian women.
Aim. To report the socio-demographic factors, habits, personal history, gynecological and obstetric history, the clinical presentation of Indian women and analyze those factors with the diagnosis of breast cancer.
Methods. This study is based on retrospective data collection from case files of women who attended the Cancer Detection Centre during January1995-September 2016.
Results. Data analysis for 1180 women showed 31.6% aged between 26-35 years; 90.7% were Hindus; 61.3% school-educated; 77.0% housewives/unemployed; 70.6% married and 98.2% were non-vegetarian. Physical activity, medical history and gynecologic history of menarche, menstrual type, menopause, marital age, and breast feeding history had a strong correlation with clinical diagnosis (p<0.05). 8.4% of the total population was diagnosed with breast cancer using smear cytology, FNAC, mammography and USG.
Conclusions. Age, lack of proper education, marital status, food habit, physical activity, age of menarche, menstrual type, menopause, marital age, and breastfeeding history were highlighted as significant risk factors of breast cancer in Indian women. Smears from nipple/discharges, FNAC, mammography and USG are effective methods for breast cancer detection in low-cost setting where routine organized screening programs are not available.
Relevance for patients. The study will identify important risk factors among women in the Eastern region of India. Thus background information of patients can be used to emphasize the importance of organizing breast cancer screening.
1 Department of Pathology and Cancer Screening, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37, S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata 700026
2 Department of Gynaecological Oncology, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37, S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata 700026
3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37, S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata 700026
Dr. Vilas D. Nasare
Department of Pathology and Cancer Screening, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37, S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata 700026
Tel: (Off.): 91-33-2476-5101 (Extn.-304)
Michal Heger Department of Pharmaceutics, Utrecht University, the Netherlands
Department of Pharmaceutics, Jiaxing University Medical College, Zhejiang, China